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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

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DATE  OF THE  TEMPLE  OF  GOBIND  BETA.                           243

respectively the choir, sacrarium, and two chapels.* The sacrarium has heen
utterly razed to the ground,t the chapel toners were never completed, and that
over the choir, though the most perfect, has still lost several of its upper stages.
This last was of slighter elevation than the others, occupying the same relative
position as the spirelet over the sanctns bell in western ecclesiology. The loss
of the towers and of the lofiy arcaded parapet that surmounted the wails has
terribly marred the effect of the exterior and given it a heavy stunted appear-
ance ; while, as a further disfigurement, a plain masonry -wall Kad heen run
along the top of the centre dome. It is generally "believed that this was built
by Aarangzeb for the purpose of desecrating the temple, though it is also said
to have been put up by the Hindus themselves to assist in some grand illumi-
nation. It either case it was an ugly modern excrescence; and its removal was
the very first step taken at the commencement of the recent repairs. J

Under one of the niches at the west end of the nave is a tablet with a long
Sanskrit inscription. This has unfortunately been too much mutilated to allow
of transcription, but so much of it as can be deciphered records the fact that
the temple was built in sambat 1647, i.e.) A.D. 1590, under the direction of
the two Gurus, ilupa and Sanatana. As it was in verse, it probably com-
bined a minimum of information with an excess of verbosity, and its loss is
not greatly to be regretted. The following is taken from the exterior of the
north-west chapel, where it is cut into the wall some tea feet from the ground,
and is of considerable interest : —

* The south west chapel encloses a subterranean cell, called Fatal Deri, which is Bald by
some to be the Gosains* original shrine In honour of the goddess Briiida,
f The saerariom was roughly rebuilt ia brick about the year 1854, and contains an image of
Kiiflinia in Ms character of Giridhari (the mount&in-snpparter), with two snbozdinawi figure®
represeating,, the one Maha Frabha, i.e., Chaitanya, the other Kityinaad.
£ One flection of this work originally appeared In the *• Calcutta BeYieTr/" and a correspoacl-
eot, who saw it there, faToured me with the following' note of s tradition m to the cause of the
wail being built He writes:-— *4 Aurangzeb had often of am ereni Eg remarked a reiy bright
light Bhiniag in the fat distant south-east h^rmm,, ands in reply to Mi enquiries regarding it, was
told that it was a light burning in a temple of great wealth «od gagnlflcgnce at BrauM-ban,